Deep exploration of immune function in EGFR wild-type and mutated lung adenocarcinomas by gene expression profiling: role of TRAIL-R2 (TNFRSF10B) in patient treatment and outcome

Wei Chin Chang, Yi Chen Yeh, Hsiang Ling Ho, Teh Ying Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The tumor microenvironment is important in the initiation and progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). In this study, we aim to analyze the expression profile of immune-related genes in LUADs, examine the differential expression of immune-related genes in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type and mutant LUADs, and the clinicopathologic significance of these differentially expressed genes. We used the NanoString PanCancer Immune Profiling Panel to examine 34 cases of LUADs (18 EGFR wild-type, 16 EGFR mutant). In EGFR wild-type LUADs, the macrophage and neutrophil signatures are significantly higher, and significantly higher expression of chemokines, interleukins, leukocyte, macrophage, natural killer cell, pathogen defense, Tumor necrosis factor superfamily, and transporter function signatures are also observed. TNFRSF10B mRNA was preferentially expressed in EGFR wild-type LUADs (P = 6.15e−6, adjusted P = .0244). Immunohistochemical staining for TRAIL-R2 (encoded by TNFRSF10B) on 134 tissue microarray LUAD cases demonstrated strong, moderate, and weak staining in 75 (56.0%), 46 (34.3%), and 13 (9.7%) cases, respectively. Strong TRAIL-R2 expression was significantly associated with poor overall survival (OS) in all stages and EGFR wild-type LUADs, but not in EGFR-mutant tumors. Furthermore, strong TRAIL-R2 expression (P = .004) was an independent risk factor for poor OS. In summary, TNFRSF10B mRNA revealed significantly higher expression in EGFR wild-type LUADs, and strong TRAIL-R2 expression predicts an unfavorable prognosis for these tumors. These patients may benefit from additional treatment with TRAIL-R2–targeted therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
  • Gene expression profiling
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • NanoString technology
  • TNFRSF10B
  • TRAIL-R2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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