Cytokine profiles of plasma extracellular vesicles as progression biomarkers in Parkinson’s disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Inflammation contributes substantially to the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Plasma extracellular vesicle (EV)-derived cytokines are emerging biomarkers of inflammation. We conducted a longitudinal study of the plasma EV-derived cytokine profiles of people with PD (PwP). Methods: A total of 101 people with mild to moderate PD and 45 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited, and they completed motor assessments (Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale [UPDRS]) and cognitive tests at baseline and 1-year follow-up. We isolated the participants’ plasma EVs and analyzed their levels of cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β. Results: We noted no significant changes in the plasma EV-derived cytokine profiles of the PwPs and HCs between baseline and the 1-year follow-up. Among the PwP, changes in plasma EV-derived IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 levels were significantly associated with changes in the severity of postural instability and gait disturbance (PIGD) and cognition. Baseline plasma EV-derived IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 levels were significantly associated with the severity of PIGD and cognitive symptoms at follow-up, and PwP with elevated IL-1β and IL-6 levels exhibited significant progression of PIGD over the study period. Conclusion: These results suggested the role of inflammation in PD progression. In addition, baseline levels of plasma EV-derived proinflammatory cytokines can be used to predict the progression of PIGD, the most severe motor symptom of PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1614
Number of pages12
JournalAging
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • cytokine
  • extracellular vesicles
  • inflammation
  • Parkinson’s disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cytokine profiles of plasma extracellular vesicles as progression biomarkers in Parkinson’s disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this