Comparison the effect of gelatin sponge and epinephrine-soaked gauze for hemostasis and pain control after hemorrhoidal surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-operative pain and bleeding are the main complications following hemorrhoidal surgery. This study aimed to investigate whether an absorbable gelatin sponge is a superior hemostatic and analgesic agent compared to gauze soaked in epinephrine for post-hemorrhoidal surgery care. A retrospective study was conducted using data from a single institute. Data were collected from the electronic medical record database and outpatient patient questionnaire archive. The study encompassed 143 patients who received gauze soaked in epinephrine as the hemostatic agent after hemorrhoidal surgery and 148 patients who received an absorbable gelatin sponge. Most patients underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy, with 119 (83.2%) in epinephrine group and 118 (79.7%) in gelatin sponge group. The primary outcome measurements were postoperative pain score, oral analgesic dosage and complications. Patients in the absorbable gelatin sponge group reported significantly lower pain scores from 8 h after their hemorrhoidal surgery (postoperative day 0) through postoperative day 2. The average pain scores in the absorbable gelatin sponge group and gauze soaked in epinephrine group were 5.3 ± 3.2 and 6.2 ± 3.2 (p = 0.03) on postoperative 8 h; 4.7 ± 3.0 and 5.8 ± 2.9 (p ≤ 0.01) on postoperative day one; and 4.4 ± 2.8 and 5.3 ± 2.9 (p = 0.01) on postoperative day two, respectively. There were no significant differences in postoperative recovery or complication rates between the two groups. Our study revealed that absorbable gelatin sponges provide more effective pain relief to patients during the initial postoperative days after hemorrhoidal surgery, without any adverse impact on patient outcomes. Consequently, absorbable gelatin sponges are recommended as a replacement for gauze soaked in epinephrine following hemorrhoidal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18010
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison the effect of gelatin sponge and epinephrine-soaked gauze for hemostasis and pain control after hemorrhoidal surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this