Comparison of the efficacy and safety of oral granisetron plus dexamethasone with intravenous ondansetron plus dexamethasone to control nausea and vomiting induced by moderate/severe emetogenic chemotherapy

T. J. Chiou, W. F. Tzeng, W. S. Wang, C. C. Yen, F. S. Fan, J. H. Liu, P. M. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting can affect cancer patients' compliance with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Currently, there are some new antiemetic therapies for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced emesis. A single institution, randomized, open, parallel trial was done to compare oral granisetron plus intravenous (IV) dexamethasone with intravenous ondansetron for the prevention of moderate or severe emetogenic chemotherapy-induced acute and delayed emesis. Methods. Fifty-one cancer patients were treated with moderate/severe emetogenic chemotherapy and randomized to receive either oral granisetron 1 mg twice daily or IV ondansetron 8 mg every 8 hours combined with IV dexamethasone 10 mg on the day of chemotherapy. The efficacy and safety of the two antiemetic regimens were compared. Results. Oral granisetron plus IV dexamethasone had comparable antiemetic efficacy for the prevention of nausea in the first 24-hour period after initiation of chemotherapy compared with intravenous ondansetron plus IV dexamethasone. The complete response of antiemesis in the first 24-hour period after initiation of antiemetic therapy between granisetron and ondansetron were 84.0% (95% CI, 62.9%-95.6%) and 84.6 (95% CI, 64.0%-97.5%). The complete response for delayed emesis after initiation of antiemetic therapy between granisetron and ondansetron were 16.0% (95% CI, 4.5%-36.1%) and 19.2% (95% CI, 6.8%-40.7%0. There was diarrhea in 12% of patients receiving granisetron therapy and constipation in 23.1% of the ondansetron group. Conclusions. Oral granisetron plus IV dexamethasone and IV ondansetron plus IV dexamethasone are potentially equally effective antiemetic agents in the prevention of moderate or severe emetogenic chemotherapy-induced acute or delayed emesis. Oral granisetron with dexamethasone appears to be a suitable alternative antiemetic agent in cancer patients who receive moderately or severely emetogenic chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-736
Number of pages8
JournalChinese Medical Journal (Taipei)
Volume63
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse event
  • Chemotherapy-induced emesis
  • Complete response
  • Dexamethasone
  • Granisetron
  • Ondansetron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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