Comparison of terbutaline and dobutamine in rats with endotoxemia

Jeng Yuan Wu, Wen Jinn Liaw, Chin Tzao, Shiu Jen Chen, Jih Hsin Wang, Chin Chen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


It is generally accepted that bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) acts via endogenous mediators leading to endotoxicity. Among these endogenous mediators, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) seems to induce all characteristics for endotoxemia. Inhibition of TNF-α production by cAMP-elevating agents has been well documented. Terbutaline (an agonist of β 2 -adrenoceptor) and dobutamine (an agonist of β 1 -adrenoceptor), both are able to increase intracellular cAMP via activation of adenylate cyclase, were examined in the anesthetized rat with endotoxemia. Terbutaline or dobutamine was administered to the rat at 30 min after LPS injection. Hemodynamic changes and plasma TNF-α and nitrate (the end product of nitric oxide [NO]) levels as well as superoxide anion (O 2 · - ) production in the aorta were examined in this study. Results showed that terbutaline, but not dobutamine, improved the circulatory failure (e.g. hypotension and vascular hyporeactivity) in rats with endotoxemia. In addition, both terbutaline and dobutamine reduced the plasma TNF-α level, but only terbutaline attenuated the aortic O 2 · - production in these endotoxemic rats. The beneficial effect of terbutaline in endotoxemic animals was associated with a reduction in plasma TNF-α and aortic O 2 · - , but not in plasma NO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalChinese Journal of Physiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Dobutamine
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Nitric oxide
  • Superoxide anion
  • Terbutaline
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology


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