Background: Rhinoplasty can cause tissue trauma and inflammatory responses. Edema and ecchymosis, especially on the face, accompanied by inflammation are common complications. The anti-inflammatory properties of steroids can reduce postoperative edema and ecchymosis. Objective: This review aims to determine the most effective type of steroids for preventing complications related to rhinoplasty. Methods: The study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The population of comprised patients who underwent rhinoplasty or septorhinoplasty. Different types of steroids administrated intravenously during the perioperative period were compared. The primary outcome of postoperative edema and other outcomes were evaluated on postoperative day 1, 3, and 7. Random-effects model was performed. The means and standard deviations were extracted. Results: Eighteen randomized controlled trials were included. The network meta-analysis revealed that dexamethasone and methylprednisolone significantly reduced edema on postoperative day 1 compared with placebo. No significant differences between the effects of any of two types of steroids were noted. Conclusion: At least one dose of intravenous steroid intervention is recommended during the perioperative period of rhinoplasty. However, in terms of reducing edema and ecchymosis, no significant differences were noted among dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, and betamethasone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-131
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • Network meta-analysis
  • Rhinoplasty
  • Steroids
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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