Comparative Hair Trace Element Profile in the Population of Sakhalin and Taiwan Pacific Islands

Anatoly V. Skalny, Margarita G. Skalnaya, Eugeny P. Serebryansky, Irina V. Zhegalova, Andrei R. Grabeklis, Oxana A. Skalnaya, Anastasia A. Skalnaya, Pai Tsang Huang, Cheng Chi Wu, Anatoly T. Bykov, Alexey A. Tinkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of the current study is to perform a comparative analysis of hair trace element content in 393 apparently healthy adults living in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China (94 women and 46 men) and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin, Russia (186 women and 67 men). The obtained data indicate that Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk inhabitants were characterized by significantly higher hair Co, Cr, Mn, and V levels, exceeding the respective Taipei values by a factor of 3, 2, 7, and 5, respectively (all p < 0.001). Hair Cu, Fe, and Si levels were also higher in examinees from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk than those from Taipei by 10% (p = 0.001), 61% (p < 0.001), and 68% (p < 0.001), respectively. It is notable that the only essential element, being significantly higher (+ 30%; p < 0.001) in Taipei inhabitants, is selenium. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk inhabitants were characterized by 60% higher levels of hair Sn, and nearly two- and threefold higher scalp hair content of Be and Cd in comparison to Taipei values, respectively (all p < 0.001). Oppositely, the examinees from Taipei had 14% (p = 0.040) and 47% (p = 0.001) higher levels of hair As and Hg as compared to Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk inhabitants. Further analysis demonstrated that men from both Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Taipei were characterized by significantly higher hair Mn, As, and Pb levels in comparison to women. The intensive development of heavy industry in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk may result in increased metal emissions, whereas fish consumption may result in elevation of hair Hg, As, and Se levels in Taiwan inhabitants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-316
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018


  • Biomonitoring
  • Hair
  • Mercury
  • Selenium
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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