Combining prostate health index and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging may better predict extraprostatic extension after radical prostatectomy

Yu Pin Huang, Tzu Ping Lin, Shu Huei Shen, Wei Ming Cheng, Tzu Hao Huang, I. Shen Huang, Yu Hua Fan, Chih Chieh Lin, Eric Y.H. Huang, Hsiao Jen Chung, Shing Hwa Lu, Yen Hwa Chang, Alex T.L. Lin, William J. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer (PCa), preoperative prediction of extraprostatic extension (EPE) can facilitate patient selection for nerve-sparing procedures. Since both multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and prostate health index (PHI) have shown promise for the diagnosis and prognostication of PCa, we investigated whether a combination of mpMRI and PHI evaluations can improve the prediction of EPE after RP. Methods: Patients diagnosed with PCa and treated with RP were prospectively enrolled between February 2017 and July 2019. Preoperative blood samples were analyzed for PHI (defined as [p2PSA/fPSA] × √tPSA), and mpMRI examinations were performed and interpreted by a single experienced uroradiologist retrospectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the performance of mpMRI, PHI, and their combination in predicting EPE after RP. Results: A total of 163 patients were included for analysis. The pathological T stage was T3a or more in 59.5%. Overall staging accuracy of mpMRI for EPE was 72.4% (sensitivity and specificity: 73.2% and 71.2%, respectively). The area under the ROC of the combination of mpMRI and PHI in predicting EPE (0.785) was higher than those of mpMRI alone (0.717; p = 0.0007) and PHI alone (0.722; p = 0.0236). mpMRI showed false-negative non-EPE results in 26 patients (16%), and a PHI threshold of >40 could avoid undiagnosed EPE before RP in 21 of these 26 patients. Conclusion: The combination of PHI and mpMRI may better predict the EPE preoperatively, facilitating preoperative counseling and tailoring the need for nerve-sparing RP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Extraprostatic extension
  • Multiparametric magnetic resonance image
  • Prostate health index
  • Prostate-specific antigen
  • Radical prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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