Cognitive function and associated factors among older people in Taiwan: Age and sex differences

Cheng Lun Li, Hui Chuan Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine cognitive function and the risk and the protective factors by age and sex among Taiwanese older people. Methods: The data were from a nation-representative panel of older people in Taiwan. The participants completing both the 2003 and 2007 waves were included for analysis in this study (n = 3228). Descriptive analysis and generalized linear model were applied, and the samples were stratified by age groups and by sex. Results: The factors related to higher cognitive function at the intercept included being younger, male, higher education, and doing unpaid work. At the time slope, the age effect and physical function difficulties would reduce the cognitive function across time, while education and providing informational support would increase the cognitive function across time. There were age- and sex-differences in the factors related to cognitive function, particularly on the working status and social participation. Conclusion: Different health promotion strategies to target these populations should be accordingly developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Age difference
  • Cognitive function
  • Gender difference
  • Longitudinal study
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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