Purpose: To investigate the orbital invasion and metastatic pattern in retinoblastoma, and to analyze the correlation with other pathologic and prognostic factors. Methods: Pathologic and admission records of 45 patients with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of retinoblastoma during the past 20 years were reviewed. Clinical risk factors and pathologic findings were analyzed for association with tumor invasion/metastasis using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Student's t tests. Results: Clinical risk factors such as exophthalmos, cataract, and pseudohypopyon were significantly correlated with tumor invasion/metastasis. The pathologic finding of choroid involvement was highly predictive of tumor invasion/metastasis. Delayed enucleation (>3 months) also was significantly correlated with tumor invasion/metastasis. Conclusion: Tumor invasion/metastasis is strongly associated with various ocular, pathologic, and treatment outcome factors. Identification of these risk factors may help plan treatment regimens.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health