Clinical presentations and skin denervation in amyloid neuropathy due to transthyretin Ala97Ser

N. C.C. Yang, M. J. Lee, C. C. Chao, Y. T. Chuang, W. M. Lin, M. F. Chang, P. C. Hsieh, H. W. Kan, Y. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, M. J. Chiu, H. H. Liou, S. T. Hsieh

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72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) due to amyloidogenic transthyretin (TTR) is often associated with impairment of thermonociceptive functions. This study investigated skin innervation and its clinical significance in genetically defined FAP due to a hot-spot Ala97Ser TTR mutation (Ala97Ser). Methods: Skin biopsies were performed on the distal leg of patients with Ala97Ser, and intraepidermal nerve fiber (IENF) densities were quantified. Results: There were 19 unrelated patients with Ala97Ser manifesting a late-onset (59.47 ± 5.70 years) generalized neuropathy with disabling motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Against a background of a slowly progressive course, 7 patients (36.8%) exhibited additional rapid declines in neurologic deficits, which were associated with elevation of the protein content in the CSF (p < 0.001). The IENF density was markedly reduced in Ala97Ser patients compared to age-and gender-matched controls (0.99 ± 1.11 vs 8.31 ± 2.87 fibers/mm, p < 0.001). Skin denervation was present in all patients and was lower in patients with a higher disability grade (0.17 ± 0.26 vs 1.37 ± 1.16 fibers/mm, p = 0.003). Albuminocytologic dissociation in the CSF was observed in 14 patients (73.7%), and the IENF density was negatively correlated with the CSF protein concentration (p = 0.015). Conclusions: Skin denervation was common in Ala97Ser, and degeneration of cutaneous nerve terminals was correlated with the severity of clinical phenotypes and the level of CSF protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-538
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 10 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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