Background/Purpose: Little remains known regarding whether newer FQ with less anti-mycobacterial activity (gemifloxacin) would reduce treatment delay. Methods: We identified one hospital-based cohort (HBC) and one population-based cohort (PBC) including patients receiving amoxicillin/clavulanate acid (Beta-lactam), gemifloxacin (Gemi), and fluoroquinolones other than gemifloxacin (Non-Gemi FQ) prior to TB treatment. Results: A total of 201 patients in the HBC and 3544 patients in the PBC were recruited. After 1:1 propensity score matching, TB treatment delay was statistically insignificant between Beta-lactam, Gemi group, and Non-Gemi FQ group in HBC (Beta-lactam vs Gemi: 22.3 ± 21.4 d vs 28.6 ± 27.9 d, p = 0.292; Beta-lactam vs Non-Gemi FQ: 33.3 ± 26.5 d vs 50.3 ± 47.3 d, p = 0.135) and PBC (Beta-lactam vs Gemi: 26.4 ± 29.1 vs 25.0 ± 28.1, p = 0.638; Beta-lactam vs Non-Gemi FQ: 29.4 ± 36.0 d vs 32.7 ± 35.0 d, p = 0.124, Non-Gemi FQ vs Gemi: 28.4 ± 33.0 d vs 25.0 ± 28.1 d, p = 0.29). Conclusion: While limited by relatively low case number, our study showed that use of gemifloxacin neither results in nor reduces delay in TB treatment. The issue of FQ use on TB treatment delay was also not observed in our study. Early survey and maintaining high clinical alertness remains the key to reducing TB treatment delay.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2020|
- Treatment delay
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