Chemical modification and anticancer effect of prenylated flavanones from Taiwanese propolis

Chia Nan Chen, Che Jen Hsiao, Shoei Sheng Lee, Jih Hwa Guh, Po Cheng Chiang, Chih Chiang Huang, Wei Jan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Our previous studies demonstrated that eight prenylated flavanones (1-8), isolated from Taiwanese propolis, were capable of a broad spectrum of biological activities. Among them, nymphaeol A (3), nymphaeol B (4) and nymphaeol C (7), abundant in Taiwanese propolis, exhibited cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. It therefore seemed interesting to improve their activity via a semi-synthetic strategy. In this study, 12 novel prenylated flavanones were synthesised in our laboratory and their activities were assessed for two human prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and DU-145, and a human hepatoma cell line, Hep-3B. Of these compounds, 10c, 11 and 12 showed more potent cytotoxicity against the PC-3 cell line than 5-Fu. Using cytometric analysis followed by double staining with annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide, it was observed that these compounds induced apoptosis as well. This suggests that prenylated flavanones 10c, 11 and 12 may have anticancer potential for further development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-124
Number of pages9
JournalNatural Product Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012


  • DU-145
  • Hep-3B
  • PC-3
  • apoptosis
  • cytotoxicity
  • prenylated flavanones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Plant Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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