Characterization of the 5′ regulatory region of the human Glycine N-methyltransferase gene

Cheng Ming Lee, Yi Ping Shih, Cho Han Wu, Yi Ming Arthur Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) is a tumor susceptibility gene for both hepatocellular carcinoma and prostate cancer. We have previously characterized GNMT genomic structure and mapped its chromosomal localization to 6p12. For this study we identified a GNMT transcriptional start site at the 14th position upstream of the ATG codon. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay results indicate binding of the nuclear factor-Y (NF-Y) transcription factor to the CCAAT box (- 71/- 67) of the GNMT gene. Mutation assay results suggest that the nucleotide sequence in the - 56/- 47 region is a binding site for a putative transcriptional factor. The TATA-less core promoter (- 133/+ 14) contains three major elements: an Sp1 site, CCAAT box, and a novel box within the CTGTCGGCTG sequence. One functional xenobiotic response element (XRE) located at the - 104/- 82 region is inducable by benzo[a]pyrene treatment. We believe our results have value for the study of GNMT transcriptional regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
Number of pages7
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • CCAAT box
  • GNMT
  • NF-Y
  • Promoter
  • Transcriptional start site

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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