Changes in smile parameters after surgical-orthodontic treatment for skeletal Class III malocclusion

Pao Chang Chiang, Johnson Hsin-Chung Cheng, Daniel De-Shing Chen, Ching Cheng Hsu, Ricardo Aristides Cruz Moreira, Michelle Yuching Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/purpose: Many patients pursue attractive smiles, and surgical-orthodontic treatment is a common method. We aimed to analyze the changes in smile parameters after surgical-orthodontic treatment in patients with skeletal Class III pattern and identify factors influencing postoperative outcomes. Materials and methods: This retrospective study comprised 34 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and pure mandible prognathism who received surgical-orthodontic treatment. Hard and soft tissue parameters were assessed through lateral cephalometry, and smile esthetics were evaluated through extraoral photography. Postoperative changes in smile parameters and between-parameter correlations were analyzed. Random forest and decision tree deep learning models were used to identify factors influencing postoperative changes. Results: Substantial postoperative changes were observed in the buccal corridor, upper lip height, and smile index. Significant between-sex differences were noted in the upper midline and right chelion. Strong, positive correlations were found between upper lip height and upper lip ratio and between lower lip height and lower lip ratio. By contrast, strong negative correlations were observed between lower teeth exposure and smile index and between interlabial gap and smile index. The highest degrees of postoperative changes were noted in asymmetry-associated smile parameters: lower lip area, interlabial gap, smile index, buccal corridor, and arc ratio. Conclusion: Considerable changes were noted in skeletal, dental, and soft tissue parameters after surgical-orthodontic treatment. However, the changes in smile esthetics were less prominent from the frontal view. As for chin asymmetry, the most to least prominent changes were in the lower lip area, interlabial gap, smile index, buccal corridor, and arc ratio, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Machine intelligence
  • Orthognathic surgery
  • Skeletal Class III
  • Smile esthetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry

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