Catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation initiated by non-pulmonary vein ectopy

Wei Shiang Lin, Ching Tai Tai, Ming Hsiung Hsieh, Chin Feng Tsai, Yung Kuo Lin, Hsuan Ming Tsao, Jin Long Huang, Wen Chung Yu, Shih Ping Yang, Yu An Ding, Mau Song Chang, Shih Ann Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

633 Citations (Scopus)


Background - Most of the ectopic beats initiating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) originate from the pulmonary vein (PV). However, only limited data are available on PAF originating from the non-PV areas. Methods and Results - Two hundred forty patients with a total of 358 ectopic foci initiating PAF were included. Sixty-eight (28%) patients had AF initiated by ectopic beats (73 foci, 20%) from the non-PV areas, including the left atrial posterior free wall (28, 38.3%), superior vena cava (27, 37.0%), crista terminalis (10, 3,7%), ligament of Marshall (6, 8.2%), coronary sinus ostium (1, 1.4%), and interatrial septum (1, 1.4%). Catheter ablation eliminated AF with acute success rates of 63%, 96%, 100%, 50%, 100%, and 0% in left atrial posterior free wall, superior vena cava, crista terminalis, ligament of Marshall, coronary sinus ostium, and interatrial septum, respectively. During a follow-up period of 22 ± 11 months, 43 patients (63.2%) were free of antiarrhythmic drugs without AF recurrence. Conclusions - Ectopic beats initiating PAF can originate from the non-PV areas, and catheter ablation of the non-PV ectopy has a moderate efficacy in treatment of PAF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3176-3183
Number of pages8
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003


  • Ablation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary vein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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