Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+-independent excretion modes of salicylic acid in tobacco cell suspension culture

Hsien Jung Chen, Wen Chi Hou, Joseph Kúc, Yaw Huei Lin

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41 Citations (Scopus)


14C-salicylic acid (SA) was used to monitor SA metabolism and its regulation in tobacco cell suspension culture. Two SA concentrations (20 μM and 200 μM) were used for comparison. SA was quickly taken up in both treatments, and the 200 μM-treated cells absorbed approximately 15 times that of 20 μM-treated cells within 5 min. More than 85% and 50% of the absorbed SA were excreted in free form to the culture medium within 5 h from cells treated with 200 μM and 20 μM SA, respectively. SA excretion was significantly inhibited by EGTA and the inhibition could be reversed by the addition of exogenous Ca2+ to the culture medium in the 200 μM SA treatment. However, EGTA had little or no effect on SA excretion in the 20 μM SA treatment. The data suggest that tobacco suspension-cultured cells may contain both Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+-independent pathways for SA excretion. Reduced glutathione (an active oxygen species scavenger), staurosporine (a protein kinase inhibitor), and cycloheximide (an inhibitor of de novo protein synthesis) also blocked intracellular SA excretion to the culture medium in the 200 μM but not in the 20 μM SA treatment. These data support the existence of alternative SA excretion pathways in tobacco suspension-cultured cells. Tobacco cells may use both Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+-independent excretion pathways to cope with different intracellular SA status, and the pathway influenced by EGTA, reduced glutathione, staurosporine, and cycloheximide is activated by SA at 200 μM, but not at 20 μM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1226
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Issue number359
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Ca
  • Excretion
  • Glutathione
  • Salicylic acid
  • Staurosporine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science


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