Our objective was to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) administered using a diode laser on the growth processes of human fibroblast cells involved in wound healing. Initially, studies were conducted using a diode laser at wavelengths of 633, 520, and 450 nm with an irradiance of 3 mW/cm2. The distance between the light source and culture plate was 3 cm. The mechanism(s) of action of the diode laser illumination on human fibroblast cells were studied by examining different wavelengths to determine the relevant light parameters for optimal treatment. In addition, the percentages of fibroblast-mediated procollagen and matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)-1, -2, and -9 production were compared. In the clinical study, the changes in basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and fibroblast collagen production were assessed in 60 patients with complicated wounds who received LLLT (633 nm). No statistically significant difference was observed between red light versus green and blue light in the viability analysis. In addition, the effects of LLLT on the cell cultures of fibroblast cells in vitro demonstrated a decrease in the relative expression of MMP-1, -2, and -9 while using light with a wavelength of 633 nm. In the clinical study, 633 nm diode laser LLLT at 2–8 J/cm2 was administered to 60 patients with complicated wounds; all patients showed increased levels of bFGF and VEGF and the occurrence of collagen synthesis. Our studies demonstrated that LLLT might affect fibroblast cell growth processes involved in wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number591
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • diode laser
  • fibroblast cells
  • low-level laser therapy
  • matrix metallopeptidase
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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