Biocompatible and biodegradable copper-protocatechuic metal-organic frameworks as rifampicin carrier

Artik Elisa Angkawijaya, Vania Bundjaja, Shella Permatasari Santoso, Alchris Woo Go, Shin Ping Lin, Kuan Chen Cheng, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo, Suryadi Ismadji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by the M. tuberculosis bacteria infection and is listed as one of the deadliest diseases to date. Despite the development of antituberculosis drugs, the need for long-term drug consumption and low patient commitment are obstacles to the success of TB treatment. A continuous drug delivery system that has a long-term effect is needed to reduce routine drug consumption intervals, suppress infection, and prevent the emergence of drug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosis. For this reason, biomolecule metal-organic framework (BioMOF) with good biocompatibility, nontoxicity, bioactivity, and high stability are becoming potential drug carriers. This study used a bioactive protocatechuic acid (PCA) as organic linker to prepare copper-based BioMOF Cu-PCA under base-modulated conditions. Detailed crystal analysis by the powder X-ray diffraction demonstrated that the Cu-PCA, with a chemical formula of C14H16O13Cu3, crystalizes as triclinic in space group P1. Comprehensive physicochemical characterizations were provided using FTIR, SEM, XPS, TGA, EA, and N2 sorption. As a drug carrier, Cu-PCA showed a high maximum rifampicin (RIF) drug loading of 443.01 mg/g. Upon resuspension in PBS, the RIF and linkers release profile exhibited two-stage release kinetic profiles, which are well described by the Biphasic Dose Response (BiDoseResp) model. A complete release of these compounds (RIF and PCA) was achieved after ~9 h of mixing in PBS. Cu-PCA and RIF@Cu-PCA possessed antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, and good biocompatibility is evidenced by the high viability of MH-S mice alveolar macrophage cells upon supplementations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number213269
JournalBiomaterials Advances
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Biomolecule metal-organic framework
  • Drug carrier
  • Protocatechuic acid
  • Rifampicin
  • Sustainable release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering


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