Bezoar manifested with digestive and biliary obstruction

Wen Yao Yin, Pin Wen Lin, Shin Ming Huang, Po Chang Lee, Cheng Chang Lee, Tsai Wang Chang, Yu Jen Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: Gastrointestinal obstructions caused by bezoars are uncommon but are encountered with increasing frequency in general surgery. Methodology: We made a retrospective review of 30 cases treated in the National Cheng Kung University hospital between July 1988 and December 1994. Results: Fourteen patients had either prior gastric surgery (9) or peptic ulcer disease (5) and were categorized as group I. The remaining 16 patients without above conditions were categorized as group II and seven of them had history of ingestion of Pho Pu Zi (Cordia dichotoma Frost. f.), three had food bolus ingestion, two had diverticulum, two had adhesion and the remaining true had no significant features. Two patients, who received endoscopic removal of gastric bezoar and subsequently developed bowel obstruction, needed operation. Sixteen of 30 who underwent operation within 24 hours after arrival, recuperated uneventfully and most were discharged within a week. Eleven patients who received operation after 24 hours resulted in prolonged hospitalization in 9 and death in two. Re-operation was performed in one case for the recurrence of obstruction by the residual bezoar. Conclusion: Dietary factors (Pho Pu Zi or bolus ingestion), and gastrointestinal (GI) anatomical lesion (diverticulum or adhesion) are the profound etiologies for formation of bezoars in cases without previous gastric surgery. On the other hand, gastric factors (previous ulcer surgery or peptic ulcer) play a major role evert after ingestion of nonspecific high fiber diet. Early diagnosis, surgical intervention without delay and thorough exploration of the entire GI tract are essential for good postoperative results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1045
Number of pages9
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Bezoar
  • Biliary obstruction
  • Gastrointestinal obstructions
  • Pho Pu Zi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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