Associations of the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Osteoporosis: A Meta-Analysis

Yu Cheng Liu, Tzu I. Yang, Shu Wei Huang, Yi Jie Kuo, Yu Ping Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and increased bone fragility. Numerous studies have suggested that inflammation contributes to its pathogenesis. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are simple, noninvasive biomarkers that can reflect the inflammation status on human body. However, evidence on their associations with osteoporosis remains scant. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant studies from their inception to April 2022. Observational studies providing complete NLR or PLR data in both the osteoporosis and normal bone mineral density (BMD) groups were included. Studies involving individuals at risk of secondary osteoporosis or restricted to a certain disease population were excluded. The main outcome was the associations of NLR and PLR with osteoporosis. Between-group differences were measured using mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). In our analysis, both NLR and PLR were significantly higher in the osteoporosis group (MD = 0.494, 95% CI: 0.339–0.649, p < 0.0001; MD = 23.33, 95% CI: 4.809–41.850, p = 0.014, respectively) than in the normal BMD group. NLR was significantly higher in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (MD = 0.432, 95% CI: 0.309–0.544, p < 0.0001). Our findings suggest the associations of NLR and PLR with osteoporosis. NLR and PLR constitute potential targets in osteoporosis screening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2968
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • bone mineral density
  • neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
  • osteoporosis
  • platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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