Association of serum osteopontin with first hospitalization and all-cause mortality after kidney transplantation

Hsiao Hui Yang, Bang Gee Hsu, Ching Chun Ho, Ming Che Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in vascular calcification and atherosclerosis. We evaluated the association between serum OPN levels and the first postoperative hospitalization and all-cause mortality in patients who received kidney transplantation (KT). Materials and Methods: Seventy KT recipients were enrolled in this study from January to April 2012. The primary end point was first postoperative hospitalization or death. All patients were monitored in the outpatient clinics until June 30, 2017. Serum OPN level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: During follow-up (median length, 65 months), 47 first postoperative hospitalizations and 8 deaths occurred. In comparison with serum median OPN levels, serum OPN level was positively associated with KT duration (P = 0.048), serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN; P = 0.043), and serum creatinine levels (P = 0.045) but negatively associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; P = 0.049). Hospitalized KT recipients had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) (P = 0.032), BUN (P = 0.002), and serum OPN level (P = 0.001) but lower eGFR (P = 0.030) than did patients not hospitalized. KT recipients who died had higher serum level of creatinine (P = 0.009) and OPN (P = 0.001) but lower eGFR (P = 0.036) than did surviving patients. Multivariate Cox analysis adjusted for age, gender, DM, hypertension, eGFR, KT duration, and steroid used showed that serum OPN level was associated with both first postoperative hospitalization (P = 0.049) and all-cause mortality (P = 0.017). Conclusions: Serum OPN level is a potential biomarker for first postoperative hospitalization and all-cause mortality in KT recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-206
Number of pages7
JournalTzu Chi Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • All-cause mortality
  • First hospitalization
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Osteopontin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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