Abstract

Background: Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) face a high risk of heart failure and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Despite strong evidence that high LV relative wall thickness (RWT) is a risk marker for heart failure, few studies have evaluated LV RWT and aggravating factors in individuals with BD. Methods: We recruited 104 participants (52 patients with BD and 52 age- and sex-matched mentally healthy controls) to undergo echocardiographic imaging and biochemistry, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and blood cell count measurements. LV RWT was estimated using the following equation: (2 × LV posterior wall end-diastolic thickness)/LV end-diastolic diameter. Clinical data were obtained through interviews and chart reviews. Results: The BD group exhibited a significantly greater LV RWT (Cohen's d = 0.53, p = 0.003) and a less favorable mitral valve E/A ratio (Cohen's d = 0.54, p = 0.023) and LV global longitudinal strain (Cohen's d = 0.57, p = 0.047) than did the control group. Multiple linear regression revealed that in the BD group, serum triglyceride levels (β = 0.466, p = 0.001), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios (β = 0.324, p = 0.022), and hs-CRP levels (β = 0.289, p = 0.043) were all significantly and positively associated with LV RWT. Limitations: This study applied a cross-sectional design, meaning that the direction of causation could not be inferred. Conclusions: Patients with BD are at a risk of heart failure, as indicated by their relatively high LV RWT. Lipid levels and systemic inflammation may explain this unfavorable association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume358
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2024

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Echocardiographic imaging
  • High-sensitivity C-reactive protein
  • Left ventricular relative wall thickness
  • Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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