Assessment of sources and health risks of heavy metals in metropolitan household dust among preschool children: The LEAPP-HIT study

Chi Sian Kao, Ying Lin Wang, Chuen Bin Jiang, Pei Ju Tai, Yi Hua Chen, Hsing Jasmine Chao, Yu Chun Lo, Zeng Yei Hseu, Hsing Cheng Hsi, Ling Chu Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The most common construction material used in Taiwan is concrete, potentially contaminated by geologic heavy metals (HMs). Younger children spend much time indoors, increasing HM exposure risks from household dust owing to their behaviors. We evaluated arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) concentrations in fingernails among 280 preschoolers between 2017 and 2023. We also analyzed HM concentrations, including As, Cd, Pb, chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), and manganese (Mn), in 90 household dust and 50 road dust samples from a residential area where children lived between 2019 and 2021 to deepen the understanding of sources and health risks of exposure to HMs from household dust. The average As, Cd, and Pb concentrations in fingernails were 0.12 ± 0.06, 0.05 ± 0.05, and 0.95 ± 0.77 μg/g, respectively. Soil parent materials, indoor construction activities, vehicle emissions, and mixed indoor combustion were the pollution sources of HMs in household dust. Higher Cr and Pb levels in household dust may pose non-carcinogenic risks to preschoolers. Addressing indoor construction and soil parent materials sources is vital for children's health. The finding of the present survey can be used for indoor environmental management to reduce the risks of HM exposure and avoid potential adverse health effects for younger children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120015
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Children
  • Dust
  • Metal mixtures
  • Positive matrix factorization model (PMF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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