Schizophrenia is a common mental disorder characterized by deficits in multiple domains of functioning. This study is arguably the first of its kind in Taiwan to examine, in a multifaceted and objective manner, the disability of patients with schizophrenia and the factors affecting it. A cross-sectional design was adopted to gather data from 24,299 patients with schizophrenia who were listed in the Taiwan Databank of Persons with Disabilities. The level of disability in these patients was measured using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Statistical analyses were conducted through the χ2 statistic and Poisson regression. The highest level of disability was in participation and the lowest was in self-care. An analysis of disability in all six domains of functioning on the basis of sex, age, type of residence, and socioeconomic status (SES) showed significant differences (P < 0.05). Significant factors (P < 0.05) affecting disability in these domains were female gender, age, educational attainment, SES, type of residence, and employment status. The overall degree of disability in schizophrenia patients was moderate. Six domains were measured in this study. The degrees of disability in mobility and self-care were mild while cognition, getting along, life activities, and participation were moderate. Moreover, female gender, an age of 45 or older, low educational attainment, middle to low SES, staying at healthcare institutions, and unemployment were crucial factors affecting disability of the participants. Preventive and rehabilitation programs should be developed to delay disability and functional degeneration in schizophrenic patients with these characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018


  • Cognition
  • Getting along with people
  • Life activities
  • Mobility
  • Participation in society
  • Self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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