Assessment of circulating extracellular vesicles from calorie-restricted mice and humans in ischaemic injury models

Manuel S. V. Jaimes, Chia-Te Liao, Max M. Chen, Andreas Czosseck, Tsung-Lin Lee, Yu-Hsiang Chou, Yung-Ming Chen, Shuei-Liong Lin, James J. Lai, David J. Lundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Calorie restriction (CR) and fasting affect lifespan, disease susceptibility and response to acute injury across multiple animal models, including ischaemic injuries such as myocardial infarction or kidney hypoxia. The cargo and function of circulating extracellular vesicles (EV) respond to changes in host physiology, including exercise, injury, and other interventions. Thus, we hypothesised that EVs induced following CR may reflect some of the beneficial properties of CR itself. In a pilot study, EVs were isolated from mice following 21 days of 30 % CR, and from eight human donors after 72 h water-only fasting. EV size, concentration and morphology were profiled by NTA, western blot and cryoEM, and their function was assessed using multiple assays related to ischaemic diseases. We found that EVs from post-fasting samples better protected cardiac cells from hypoxia/reperfusion (H/R) injury compared to pre-fasting EVs. However, there was no difference when used to treat H/R-injured kidney epithelial cells. Post-fasting derived EVs slowed the rate of fibroblast migration and slightly reduced macrophage inflammatory gene expression compared to pre-fasting derived EVs. Lastly, we compared miRNA cargos of pre- and post-fasting human serum EVs and found significant changes in a small number of miRNAs. We conclude that fasting appears to influence EV cargo and function, with varied effects worthy of further exploration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e86
JournalJournal of Extracellular Biology
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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