Assessing the facilities and healthcare services for heart failure: Taiwan versus European countries

Hung Yu Chang, Pei Lun Hung, Chia Te Liao, Chien Yi Hsu, Ying Chieh Liao, Kai Hsi Lu, Chun Chieh Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Purpose: The present study was designed to evaluate the local cardiology infrastructure and services for heart failure (HF) care in Taiwan hospitals and to compare the HF care with the hospitals in European countries. Methods: Available data from a total of 98 medical centers and regional hospitals in Taiwan were analyzed. Each facility was given a single copy of the questionnaire between September and December 2019, and service records were extracted from the National Health Insurance Database. European data were adopted from the 2017 European Society of Cardiology Atlas. Results: The number of cardiologists per million populations in Taiwan was 57.4, and it was lower than the European median (72.8). The median percentages of interventional and electrophysiologists among cardiologists were 64% and 15% in Taiwan, which were both higher than the European median values (12% and 5%, respectively). The accessibility rates to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in Taiwan were both higher (3.4 and 3.0 centers per million populations) comparing to those in European countries (median 1.6 and 1.5 centers per million populations). Comparing to 67 hospitals without HF care teams in Taiwan, 31 hospitals (31.6%) with HF teams have significantly more cardiology staff, enhanced procedural capabilities with more alternatives on oral or intravenous HF relevant medications. Conclusion: Our analysis clearly demonstrated discrepancies in cardiology subspecialties and CRT/ICD accessibilities between European countries and Taiwan. Variations in HF-focused services and facilities plus HF-directed medications have demonstrated significant differences among Taiwanese hospitals with or without HF care team.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-268
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Issue number1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Healthcare infrastructure
  • Heart failure
  • Service provision
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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