Background: In a single arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tears with a stiff shoulder, closed manipulation with or without arthroscopic capsular release has been combined with the repair. Few studies have reported functional results after this surgery, and a clinical comparison has not been reported. Purpose: To compare functional outcomes with and without capsular release in arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff tears with a stiff shoulder. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Among patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs with a concomitant stiff shoulder, 34 patients were treated with either manipulation and arthroscopic capsular release (group A; n = 18) or manipulation without capsular release (group B; n = 16). Preoperative mean passive forward flexion was 118° in group A and 117° in group B, whereas external rotation at the side was 28° and 29°, respectively. All patients were evaluated at a minimum 2-year follow-up in terms of visual analog scale for pain, muscle power, range of motion, Constant score, modified American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder evaluation form, and modified University of alifornia at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores. Results: The mean modified ASES score was 90.3 for group A and 87.7 for group B (P = .086). The mean UCLA scores were 34.3 and 33.0, respectively (P = .247). The 2 groups showed a significant difference in forward flexion and external rotation postoperatively, as group B recovered more slowly. There was no difference in the mean visual analog scale for pain at the last follow-up, but a 13° difference in forward flexion (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2121-2127
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012


  • adhesive capsulitis
  • arthroscopic surgery
  • rotator cuff repair
  • stiff shoulder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)


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