Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with periosteum-enveloping hamstring tendon graft

Chih Hwa Chen, Wen Jer Chen, Chun Hsiung Shih, Shih Wei Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Tendon-bone incorporation of a tendon graft within the bone tunnel is of priority concern when using for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Superior healing process and stronger healing strength can be achieved when periosteum is sutured on the tendon inserted into a bone tunnel. We applied this idea to ACL reconstruction for enhancing tendon graft-bone tunnel healing. This is a prospective clinical outcome study with this surgical technique at minimal 2 years follow-up. Periosteum-enveloping hamstring tendon graft has been used in 68 patients. Data from 62 patients who had been followed up completely were analyzed. All patients suffered from a grade 3 or higher grade of Lachman and anterior drawer test with a positive pivot-shift test. Clinical assessments included the Lysholm knee scores, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, KT-1000 instrumented testing, thigh muscle assessment, and radiographic evaluation. The median Lysholm knee score was 59 (40-70) and 94 (60-100) points (P<0.01) before and after surgery. After reconstruction, 81% of patients were able to return to moderate or strenuous activity. Four (6%) patients were found to exhibit grade 2 or more ligament laxity. Complete range of motion could be achieved in 86% of patients. Three patients (5%) had positive pivot shift. Finally, 92% of patients were assessed as normal or nearly normal rating by IKDC guideline. Bone tunnels enlargement of more than 1 mm was identified in 5% of femoral tunnels and 6% of tibial tunnels. The study shows that a satisfactory result can be achieved with the periosteum-enveloping hamstring tendon graft in ACL reconstruction. Periosteum can be easily harvested at the proximal tibia from a routine incision for hamstring tendon harvesting. Besides the potential for improving tendon-bone healing, enveloped periosteum may help to seal the intra-articular tunnel opening in the early postoperative period, and thus avoid synovial fluid reflux into the tunnel. Bone tunnel enlargement could be reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Arthroscopy
  • Hamstring tendon graft
  • Periosteum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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