Antithrombotic effect of rutaecarpine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, on platelet plug formation in in vivo experiments

J. R. Sheu, W. C. Hung, C. H. Wu, Y. M. Lee, M. H. Yen

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79 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, platelet thrombi formation was induced by irradiation of mesenteric venules with filtered light in mice pretreated intravenously with fluorescein sodium. Rutaecarpine (200 μg/g) significantly prolonged the latent period of inducing platelet plug formation in mesenteric venules when it was intravenously injected. Rutaecarpine (200 μg/g) prolonged occlusion time by approximately 1·5-fold (control 127 ± 29 vs. taecarpine 188 ± 23 s). Furthermore, aspirin (250 μg/g) also showed a similar prolongation of the occlusion time in this experiment. On a molar basis, rutaecarpine was approximately twofold more potent than aspirin at prolonging the occlusion time. Furthermore, rutaecarpine was also effective in reducing the mortality of ADP-induced acute pulmonary thromboembolism in mice when administered intravenously at doses of 25 and 50 μg/g. Intravenous injection of rutaecarpine (50 μg/g) significantly prolonged the bleeding time by approximately 1·5-fold compared with normal saline in the severed mesenteric arteries of rats. Continuous infusion of rutaecarpine (5 μg/g/min) also significantly increased the bleeding time 1·5-fold, and the bleeding time returned to baseline within 60 min after cessation of rutaecarpine infusion. These results suggest that rutaecarpine has an effective anti-platelet effect in vivo and that it may be a potential therapeutic agent for arterial thrombosis, but it must be assessed further for toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Arterial thrombosis
  • Fluorescein sodium
  • Occlusion time
  • Platelet plug
  • Rutaecarpine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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