Antipsychotic Use in Early Pregnancy and the Risk of Maternal and Neonatal Complications

Hsuan Yu Lin, Fang Ju Lin, Aaron J. Katz, I. Te Wang, Chung Hsuen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the association between antipsychotic use in early pregnancy and the risk of maternal and neonatal metabolic complications. Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study (January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2016) using the Health and Welfare Database in Taiwan. Pregnant women (18 to 49 years of age) were grouped as antipsychotic users (ie, received oral antipsychotic monotherapy during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy) and nonusers. Antipsychotic users were further categorized into first-generation antipsychotic and second-generation antipsychotic users. Propensity score methods, including matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting, were used to balance covariates. Conditional logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare risks of maternal (gestational diabetes mellitus, preterm birth) and neonatal (low birth weight [LBW], macrosomia) outcomes. Results: Antipsychotic users had a notably higher risk of preterm birth compared with nonusers (adjusted HR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.60), but the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.56), LBW (odds ratio [OR], 1.07; 95% CI, 0.84 to 1.37), and macrosomia (OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.63 to 2.92) did not differ between the two groups. Among women who received antipsychotics, the odds of LBW were significantly higher in second-generation antipsychotic users compared with first-generation antipsychotic users (adjusted OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.68). Conclusion: This study found that using antipsychotics in early pregnancy did not result in a greater risk of metabolic complications both for mothers and newborns. For women requiring treatment with antipsychotics during pregnancy, they should be monitored for the risk of preterm birth and low infant birth weight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2086-2096
Number of pages11
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume97
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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