Animation: Etiology, classification, and treatment

John Y.S. Kim, Megan Fracol, Wen Kuan Chiu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Animation deformity is a common reason for revision aesthetic breast surgery. Animation can occur with submuscular implant placement, and the authors present a prospective, quantitative analysis of animation along with a proposed classification system. The central tenet of correcting animation or dynamic implant malposition involves a pocket change to a subglandular position. Understanding the anatomic and functional causes of animation deformity can provide insight into suboptimal outcomes and guide revision strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationManaging Common and Uncommon Complications of Aesthetic Breast Surgery
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783030571214
ISBN (Print)9783030571207
Publication statusPublished - Apr 14 2021


  • Animation deformity
  • Breast pain
  • Dynamic implant malposition
  • Pocket change
  • Submuscular breast augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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