The outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) as a result of aminoglycosides (AGs) use remains uncertain in patients without prior chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, we explored the outcomes of AGs use on AKI episodes associated with renal recovery and progress in patients without prior CKD in Taiwan. This was a retrospective cohort study by using the Taipei Medical University Research Database from January 2008 to December 2019. 43,259 individuals without CKD who had received parenteral AGs were enrolled. The exposed and unexposed groups underwent propensity score matching for age, gender, patients in intensive care unit/emergency admission, and covariates, except serum hemoglobin and albumin levels. We identified an exposed group of 40,547 patients who used AGs (median age, 54.4 years; 44.3% male) and an unexposed group of 40,547 patients without AG use (median age, 55.7 years; 45.5% male). There was the risk for AKI stage 1 (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-1.79; p = 0.05) in patients that used AGs in comparison with the control subjects. Moreover, patients using AGs were significantly associated neither with the progression to acute kidney disease (AKD) stages nor with the progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis. Further analyzed, there was an increased risk of AKI episodes for serum albumin levels less than 3.0 g/dL and hemoglobin levels less than 11.6 g/dL. Among patients without prior CKD, AGs-used individuals were associated with AKI risks, especially those at relatively low albumin (< 3.0 g/dL) or low hemoglobin (< 11.6 g/dL). That could raise awareness of AGs prescription in those patients in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17212
Pages (from-to)17212
Number of pages1
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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