Alterative effects of an oral alginate extract on experimental rabbit osteoarthritis

Hsien Tseng Lu, Ming-Shium Hsieh, Chao Wen Cheng, Li Fan Yao, Tsuey Ying Hsu, Jai Lan, Kwang Yoon Kim, Suk Jung Oh, Yung Hsiang Chang, Chian Her Lee, Yung Feng Lin, Chien Ho Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disease that causes disabilities in elderly. However, few agents with high efficacy and low side effects have been developed to treat OA. In this study, we evaluated the effects of the alginate extract named CTX in OA cell and rabbit models. Results: CTX was formulated by hydrolyzing sodium alginate polymers with alginate lyase and then mixing with pectin. HPLC was used to analyze the CTX content. Human chondrosarcoma SW1353 cells treated with interleukin-1β were used as OA model cells to investigate the effects of CTX on chondrocyte inflammation and anabolism. CTX at concentrations up to 1000 μg/ml exerted low cytotoxicity. It inhibited the gene expression of proinflammatory matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) including MMP1, MMP3 and MMP13 in a dose-dependent manner and increased the mRNA level of aggrecan, the major proteoglycan in articular cartilage, at 1000 μg/ml. Thirteen-week-old New Zealand White rabbits underwent a surgical anterior cruciate ligament transection and were orally treated with normal saline, glucosamine or CTX for up to 7 weeks. Examinations of the rabbit femur and tibia samples demonstrated that the rabbits taking oral CTX at a dosage of 30 mg/kg/day suffered lesser degrees of articular stiffness and histological cartilage damage than the control rabbits. Conclusions: The gene expression profiles in the cell and the examinations done on the rabbit cartilage suggest that the alginate extract CTX is a pharmaco-therapeutic agent applicable for OA therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2015


  • Aggrecan
  • Anterior cruciate ligament transection
  • CTX
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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