Alteration in branching morphogenesis via YAP/TAZ in fibroblasts of fetal lungs in an LPS-induced inflammation model

Hung Shuo Ko, Vincent Laiman, Po Nien Tsao, Chung Ming Chen, Hsiao Chi Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Chorioamnionitis is a common cause of preterm birth and leads to serious complications in newborns. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of the Hippo signaling pathway in lung branching morphogenesis under a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation model. Materials and methods: IMR-90 cells and ex vivo fetal lungs were treated with 0, 10, 30, or 50 μg/ml LPS for 24 and 72 h. Supernatant levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1(CXCL1), branching and the surface area ratio, Yes-associated protein (YAP), transcription coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ), fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10), fibroblast growth factor receptor II (FGFR2), SRY-box transcription factor 2 (SOX2), SOX9, and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) levels were examined. Differentially expressed genes in fetal lungs after LPS treatment were identified by RNA-sequencing. Results: LPS at 50 μg/ml increased IL-6 and IL-8 in IMR-90 cells and increased IL-6, CXCL1 and LDH in fetal lungs. The branching ratio significantly increased by LPS at 30 μg/ml compared to the control but the increased level had decreased by 50 μg/ml LPS exposure. Exposure to 50 μg/ml LPS increased phosphorylated (p)-YAP, p-YAP/YAP, and p-TAZ/TAZ in IMR-90 cells, whereas 50 μg/ml LPS decreased FGF10 and SOX2. Consistently, p-YAP/YAP and p-TAZ/TAZ were increased in fibronectin+ cells of fetal lungs. Moreover, results of RNA-sequencing in fetal lungs showed that SMAD, FGF, IκB phosphorylation, tissue remodeling and homeostasis was involved in branching morphogenesis following exposure to 50 μg/ml LPS. The p-SIRT1/SIRT1 ratio increased in IMR-90 cells by LPS treatment. Conclusions: This study showed that regulation of the Hippo pathway in fibroblasts of fetal lungs was involved in branching morphogenesis under an inflammatory disease such as chorioamnionitis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalMolecular Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Fibroblast
  • Hippo signaling pathway
  • Inflammation
  • Morphogenesis
  • Pseudoglandular stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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