Active Aging Index in Vietnam Relative to China, South Korea, Taiwan, and 28 European Union Countries

Tuan Vu Pham, Hui Chuan Hsu, Asghar Zaidi, Ya Mei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study constructed an Active Aging Index (AAI) for Vietnam and compares Vietnam’s AAI with those of China, Korea, Taiwan, and 28 countries in the European Union. Methods: A survey of 1,105 people aged 55 or above in three provinces from the northern, central, and southern parts of Vietnam was conducted. Active aging was measured using the AAI; its 22 indicators were grouped into four domains: employment, social participation, independent/healthy/secure living, and enabling environments. Results: Of the 32 countries reviewed, Vietnam ranked 11th. It ranked high for employment (1st) and social participation (5th) but low for independent/healthy/secure living (32nd) and enabling environments (26th). Conclusion: Three policy priorities were identified: maintaining a high preference-driven social and workforce participation rate among older adults; promoting medical care and healthy behaviors among older adults; and improving other poorly performing aspects of active aging, including voluntary activities, poverty risk, Internet usage, and lifelong learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-325
Number of pages14
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • active aging index
  • aging policy
  • healthy aging
  • older adults
  • population aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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