Purpose. Real-world evidence refers to patient data derived from the healthcare process. In this study, we used National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) assessments and clinical studies of Ge Gen Tang (GGT, ) in patients with common cold to establish a real-world study model of Traditional Chinese Medicine formulae. GGT is widely prescribed for the treatment of common cold in Taiwan, generally in combination with other medicines. The aim of this study was to determine whether a correlation exists between GGT combined with other medicines and an improvement in cold symptoms. We also established a GGT prescription compatibility system by analyzing Taiwan's NHIRD records for GGT prescription patterns in patients with different types of common cold. Materials and Methods. We extracted and analyzed records from the NHIRD for the period 2000-2015 to determine the most common clinical applications of GGT. GGT and GGT with Chuan Xiung Cha Tiao San were most commonly prescribed for common cold, as per NHIRD recommendations. Records for adults aged 20-65 years who were prescribed GGT for the treatment of common cold (Diagnosis Code ICD-9-460) were included in this study. We assessed the following indicators of the common cold, before and after treatment with GGT: nasal congestion, cough, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, hoarseness, stiff shoulder, headache, and general physical condition. Results. The cold symptom scores before and after taking the GGT prescriptions significantly differed in the 29 volunteers. The 29 volunteers reported a significantly lower headache severity score after medication than before medication (p<0.004). Furthermore, patient scores for general physical condition decreased significantly (p<0.01) after medication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4790910
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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