This study investigated differences in the utilization of healthcare services between subjects with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and comparison subjects using data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance population-based database, 138,493 patients with MVP (study group) and 138,493 matched patients without MVP (comparison group). We calculated the utilization of healthcare services in the year 2016 for each study sample. Patients with MVP had more outpatient cardiological services during the year (5.3 vs. 0.7, p < 0.001) and higher outpatient cardiology costs (US$226.0 vs. US$30.8, p < 0.001) than patients without MVP. As expected, patients with MVP had a longer inpatient stay (0.5 vs. 0.1, p < 0.001) and higher inpatients costs (US$158.0 vs. US$22.9, p < 0.001) than patients without MVP for cardiology services. Furthermore, patients with MVP also had more outpatient non-cardiology services (20.8 vs. 16.5, p < 0.001) and associated costs (US$708.3 vs. US$518.7, p < 0.001) than patients without MVP in the year 2016. Multiple regression analysis indicated that patients with MVP had higher total costs for all healthcare services than patients without MVP after adjusting for the urbanization level, monthly income, and geographic region. This study demonstrated that healthcare utilization by patients with MVP is substantially higher than comparison patients. Future studies are encouraged to explore MVP treatment with less expensive modalities while maintaining care quality and without jeopardizing patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1622
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Big data
  • Epidemiology
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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