A newly developed Fe-doped calcium sulfide nanoparticles with magnetic property for cancer hyperthermia

Steven Yueh Hsiu Wu, Ching Li Tseng, Feng Huei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a magnetic iron-doped calcium sulfide (Fe-CaS) nanoparticle was newly developed and studied for the purpose of hyperthermia due to its promising magnetic property, adequate biodegradation rate, and relatively good biocompatibility. Fe-CaS nanoparticles were synthesized by a wet chemical coprecipitation process with heat treatment in a N2 atmosphere, and were subsequently cooled in N2 and exposed to air at a lowtemperature. The crystal structure of the Fe-CaS nanoparticles was similar to that of the CaS, which was identified by an X-ray diffractometer(XRD). The particle sizewas less than 40 nmbased on a Debye-Scherrer equation and transmission electron microscope (TEM) examination. Magnetic properties obtained from the SQUID magnetometer demonstrated that the synthesized CaS was a diamagnetic property. Once the Fe ions were doped, the synthesized Fe-CaS converted into paramagnetism which showed no hysteresis loop. Having been heated above 600 °C in N2, the Fe-CaS showed a promising magnetic property to produce enough energy to increase the temperature for hyperthermia. 10 mg/ml of the Fe-CaS was able togenerate heat to elevate the media temperature over 42.5 °C within 6 min. The area of the hysteresis loop increasedwith the increasing of the treated temperature,especially at 800 °C for 1 h. This is because more Fe ions replaced Ca ions in the lattice at the higher heat treatment temperature. The heat production was also increasing with the increasing of heat treatment temperature, which resulted in an adequate specific absorption ratio (SAR) value, which was found to be 45.47 W/g at 37 °C under an alternative magnetic field of f = 750 KHz, H = 10 Oe. The in vitro biocompatibility test of the synthesized Fe-CaS nanoparticles examined by the LDH assay showed no cytotoxicity to 3T3 fibroblast. The result of in vitro cell hyperthermia shows that under magnetic field the Fe-CaS nanoparticles were able to generate heat and kill the CT-26 cancer cells significantly. We believe that the developed Fe-CaS nanoparticles have great potential as thermoseeds for cancer hyperthermia in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1185
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcium sulfide
  • Hyperthermia
  • Iron-doped
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Nanomedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Modelling and Simulation


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