A machine learning-driven approach for prioritizing food contact chemicals of carcinogenic concern based on complementary in silico methods

Chia Chi Wang, Yu Chih Liang, Shan Shan Wang, Pinpin Lin, Chun Wei Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carcinogenicity is one of the most critical endpoints for the risk assessment of food contact chemicals (FCCs). However, the carcinogenicity of FCCs remains insufficiently investigated. To fill the data gap, the application of standard experimental methods for identifying chemicals of carcinogenic concerns from a large set of FCCs is impractical due to their resource-intensive nature. In contrast, computational methods provide an efficient way to quickly screen chemicals with carcinogenic potential for subsequent experimental validation. Since every model was developed based on a limited number of training samples, the use of single models for carcinogenicity assessment may not cover the complex mechanisms of carcinogenesis. This study proposed a novel machine learning-based weight-of-evidence (WoE) model for prioritizing chemical carcinogenesis. The WoE model can nonlinearly integrate complementary computational methods of structural alerts, quantitative structure-activity relationship models and in silico toxicogenomics models into a WoE-score. Compared to the best single method, the WoE model gained 8% and 19.7% improvement in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) value and chemical coverage, respectively. The prioritization of 1623 FCCs concludes 44 chemicals of high carcinogenic concern. The machine learning-based WoE approach provides a fast and comprehensive way for prioritizing chemicals of carcinogenic concern.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112802
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Food contact chemical
  • Machine learning
  • Quantitative structure-activity relationship
  • Structural alert
  • Toxicogenomics
  • Weight-of-evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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