A Descriptive Qualitative Study of Foreign Caregivers of Older Adult Stroke Survivors

Yosika Septi Mauludina, Christina Yeni Kustanti, Beth E. Fields, Feng Hang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With a growing aging stroke population and the changing structure of the society, the demand for foreign caregivers has rapidly increased in Taiwan and many other developed countries. However, little is known regarding the perception, values, and abilities of foreign caregivers and how those may influence their quality of care. This study aimed to explore and describe the experiences of Indonesian foreign caregivers, the largest migrant working population in Taiwan, who reside with and provide support to older adults with stroke and their families. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: By adopting a descriptive qualitative approach, we conducted semistructured interviews with 22 Indonesian caregivers (mean age: 36 years) who were providing care to community-dwelling older stroke survivors (age ≥ 65 years) in Taiwan. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis. RESULTS: Six themes were constructed from the interviews: (a) foreign caregiver's background, (b) foreign caregiver's perception of the health and functional status of stroke survivors, (c) foreign caregiver's values and preferences, (d) consequences of caring for stroke survivors, (e) skills/abilities/knowledge of foreign caregivers to provide stroke survivors with required care, and (f) potential resources that foreign caregivers can use. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Foreign caregivers described the positive and negative aspects of caring for stroke survivors. Differences in language, religion, culture, values, and expectations between foreign caregivers and stroke survivors influence the caregiving experience. These findings can help Taiwan and other developed countries to better support foreign caregivers providing critical care to older adults with stroke and their families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-95
Number of pages14
JournalThe Gerontologist
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Family caregivers
  • Foreign domestic workers
  • Paid caregivers
  • Qualitative descriptive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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