This study was conducted to determine the influenza prevention behavior of vocational school students and relevant factors by applying the Health Belief Model. A cross-sectional quantitative research method was used, and a structured questionnaire survey was administered to 578 full-time students at a vocational school in Taichung City. Finally, 347 valid questionnaires returned (the valid return rate is 60.0%). Pearson's product-moment correlation analysis, one-way analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis were applied to conduct inferential statistical analyses. The findings are as follows: Perceived severity of influenza (r = .21, p ＜ .001), perceived benefits of taking action against influenza (r = .36, p ＜ .001), cues to action for preventive behavior against influenza (r = .15, p = .005), and self-efficacy in preventive behavior against influenza (r = .50, p ＜ .001) are positively correlated with preventive behavior against influenza. Perceived benefits of taking action against influenza and self-efficacy in preventive behavior against influenza are major predictors, and self-efficacy in preventive behavior against influenza is the most influential predictor. Health and education authorities may consider providing the empirical data of perceived benefits of taking action against influenza through mass media, such as TV and the Internet to pass on correct knowledge and information of influenza and to enhance self-efficacy in preventive behavior against influenza for increasing influenza prevention behavior.
|Translated title of the contribution||A Study on Influenza Preventive Behavior and Related Factors among Students at a Vocational High School|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|