Calculated based on number of publications stored in Pure and citations from Scopus

Research activity per year

If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile


  • 1991-1996 Washington University in St. Louis (St. Louis, MO). Postdoctoral, Philosophy/Neuroscience/Psychology.
  • 1974-1987 University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA). Ph.D. Philosophy of Science and Psychological Anthropology.
  • 1971-1973 Indiana University (Bloomington, IN). BA., Pre-Med.
  • 1967-1971 St. Louis University High School (St. Louis, MO).


Current Employment: Joint Appointment (Taipei Medical University and Academia Sinica)

Primary Appointments (Taipei Medical University):

  • Philosophy of Mind Chaired Professorship (August 1, 2012- )
  • Founder-Director, TMU-Shuang Ho Hospital, Brain and Consciousness Research Center (March 1, 2015- )
  • Founder-Professor, Graduate Institute of Mind, Brain, and Consciousness (August 2017-)
  • Advisor, Office of Research, Shuang Ho Hospital (August 1, 2015- )
  • Associate Director, Neuroscience Research Center (August 1, 2018- )

Secondary Appointment (Academia Sinica):

  • Research Fellow, Institute of European and American Studies (January 1, 2013-)

Associate Editor: Consciousness and Cognition (October, 2016-)


Prior Academic Employment:

  • 2014-2020 Dean, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Taipei Medical University.
  • 1985-2012 Professor in Graduate Institute of Neuroscience; Principal Investigator in Research Center for Mind, Brain, and Learning.
  • 2012-2015 (Offer declined) Associate Dean, College of Science, National Chengchi University
  • 2008-2012 Adjunct Professor: Department of Philosophy, National Chung Cheng University (Chiayi, Taiwan)
  • 2006-2008 Chief, Office of Academic Evaluation, National Chengchi University
  • 1992-2008 Adjunct Professor: Department of Philosophy, National Chengchi University
  • 1995-1996 Instructor, Washington University in St. Louis
  • 1986-1987 Instructor, University of Pittsburgh
  • 1981-1984 Visiting Research Associate, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
  • 1980 Instructor, University of Maryland
  • 1979 Instructor, Duquesne University
  • 1974-1978 Teaching and Research Fellow, University of Pittsburgh


  • 2012- Philosophy of Mind-Chaired Professorship, Taipei Medical University
  • 2021, Citizenship in Taiwan, granted by Ministry of Interior—one of very few non-native Taiwanese who have been awarded Dual Citizenship in recognition of their scientific contributions to Taiwan.
  • Performance Award, Ministry of Science and Technology, 2020-2021.
  • 2020 Outstanding Faculty Member Award, Taipei Medical University
  • 2016 Major External Research Grant Award, Taipei Medical University
  • 2014-2015 Wayne G. Basler Chair of Excellence for the Integration of the Arts, Rhetoric, and Science, Eastern Tennessee State University
  • 2014 Major External Research Grant Award, Taipei Medical University
  • 2012-2015 Distinguished Research Professorship, Institute of Neuroscience, National Chengchi University (Offer declined.)
  • 2012-2013 National Science Council Special Achievement Award
  • 2012 Excellence in Research Award, National Chengchi University (The highest award for research bestowed by National Chengchi University.)
  • 2012 National Science Council Outstanding Research Award (Taiwan National Science Council/Ministry of Science and Technology, highest award for achievement in research.)
  • 2011-2012 National Science Council Special Achievement Award
  • 2010-2011 Outstanding Research Award, National Chengchi University
  • 2007 Scholarly Research Internationalization Award, National Chengchi University
  • 2006 Innovative Course Design Award, Ministry of Education
  • 2002-2003 Outstanding Pedagogy Award, National Chengchi University
  • 1984-1985 Pacific-Cultural Foundation Fellow
  • 1982-1984 National Institute of Mental Health Fellow
  • 1981-1982 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellow
  • 1976-1978 National Defense Education Act Fellow
  • 1971-1973 Joseph and Frances Morgan-Swain Fellow
  • 1967-1971 National Honor Society

Research Interests

  • Science and Philosophy of Consciousness
  • Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Imaging Center for Integrated Body, Mind and Culture Research
  • Neurology
  • Neuroethics

Related Link


Peer-Reviewed, Published Manuscripts (2008~2022):

  • 2023 (January) Eyes-Open and Eyes-Closed Resting State Network Connectivity 
    Differences. Brain Sciences. 2023; 13(1):122.
  • 2022 (December) Breathing is coupled with voluntary initiation of mental imagery. 
    Neuroimage. 264,
  • 2022 Intrinsic neural activity predisposes susceptibility to a body illusion. Cerebral Cortex Communications 3, 1, 1-12. (Corresponding and Lead Author).
  • 2021 Depressive rumination is correlated with brain responses during self-related processing. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 46, 5, E518-E527. DOI: 10.1503/jpn.210052 (Corresponding Author)
  • 2021 (August) Spontaneous thought-related network connectivity predicts sertraline effect on major depressive disorder. Brain imaging and behavior 15, 4, 1705-1717. DOI: 10.1007/s11682-020-00364-w (1st author, equal contribution)
  • 2021 (May) From local to global and back: an exploratory study on cross-scale desynchronization in schizophrenia and its relation to thought disorders. Schizophrenia Research 231, 10-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2021.02.021
  • 2021 (February) Occipital gamma—aminobutyric acid and glutamate-glutamine alterations in major depressive disorder: An MRS study and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging (Corresponding author)
  • 2020 (December) Reactivity of intrinsic activity temporal structure to a behavioural state change is correlated with depressive symptoms. European Journal of Neuroscience 52, 12, 4840-4850. DOI: 10.1111/ejn.14858 (Corresponding and Lead Author)
  • 2020 (October) The minimal self hypothesis. Consciousness & Cognition. (Single author)
  • 2020 (July) Somebody is home. Cognitive Neuropsychology 37, 3-4, 193-196. DOI: 10.1080/02643294.2020.1738364 (Single author).
  • 2020 (April) Intrinsic brain activity of subcortical-cortical sensorimotor system and psychomotor alterations in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia Research 218, 157-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2020.01.009 (Corresponding Author)
  • 2020 Abnormal functional relationship of sensorimotor network with neurotransmitter-related nuclei via subcortical-cortical loops in manic and depressive phases of bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia Bulletin 46, 1, 163-174. DOI: 1093/schbul/sbz035
  • 2019 (November 22) Temporal preparation, impulsivity and short-term memory in depression. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00258
  • 2019 (August 2) Indication of Dynamic Neurovascular Coupling from Inconsistency Between EEG and fMRI Indices Across Sleep–Wake States. Sleep and Biological Rhythms. DOI:10.1007/s41105-019-00232-1 (Corresponding author)
  • 2019 Instability of brain connectivity during nonrapid eye movement sleep reflects altered properties of information integration. Human Brain Mapping 40, 11, 3139-3410. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24590
  • 2018 (July) Strong Circadian Rhythms in the Choroid Plexus: Implications for Sleep-Independent Brain Metabolite Clearance. Journal of experimental neuroscience 12, 1-4. DOI: 10.1177/1179069518783762
  • 2018 (June) The neurophysiological basis of the discrepancy between objective and subjective sleep during sleep onset period: an EEG-fMRI study. Sleep 41, 6, zsy056, (Corresponding author)
  • 2018 (May) Vascular-metabolic and GABAergic inhibitory correlates of neural variability modulation. A combined fMRI and PET study. Neuroscience 379, 142-151. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.02.041 (Corresponding author)
  • 2018 (March) Measuring Consciousness. Scientific American (Taiwan Edition) 193, 38-42. (First Author)
  • 2018 (February 15) Abnormal resting state connectivity in a substantia nigra-related striato-thalamo cortical network in a large sample of first-episode drug naïve patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 44(2):419-431. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbx067.
  • 2018 (January 13) Too fast or too slow? Time and neuronal variability in bipolar disorder—A combined theoretical and empirical investigation. Schizophrenia Bulletin 44(1):54-64. doi: (Lead Author)
  • 2017 Rationality: Constraints and Contexts, 1st Edition. London: Academic Press. (Co-edited with T. W. Hung.)
  • 2017 Rationality and its contexts. In Hung, T. W. and Lane, T. Eds. Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. London: Academic Press. pp. 3-13. (Single author)
  • 2017 Is depressive rumination rational? In Hung, T. W. and Lane, T. Eds. Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. London: Academic Press. pp. 119-143. (First and corresponding author)
  • 2017 (December 12) Switching to the rubber hand. Frontiers in Psychology—Cognitive Science. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02172. (Equal contribution and corresponding author)   
  • 2017 (October) Cerebral blood flow autoregulation is impaired in schizophrenia: A pilot study.  Schizophrenia Research 188:63-67. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.01.015. 
  • 2017 (April 2) Philosophy and Psychiatry: Problems, intersections, and new perspectives. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 16(4). (Single author)
  • 2017 Timing disownership experiences in the rubber hand illusion. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2(1) 1-14. DOI: 10.1186/s41235-016-0041-4 (First and corresponding author)
  • 2017 (January 5) Attention and memory-driven effects in action studies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, pp. 48-49. doi:10.1017/S0140525X15000965, e229 (Corresponding author)
  • 2016 (July) The trajectory of self. Cell: Trends in cognitive sciences. 20, 7, 481-482. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.03.004 (First and corresponding author).
  • 2016 Spontaneous activity in default-mode network predicts ascription of self-relatedness to stimuli. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience 11, 4, 693-702.
  • 2016 Resting state glutamate predicts pre-stimulus alpha increase during self-relatedness—A combined EEG-MRS study on rest-self overlap. Social Neuroscience 11, 3, 249-263 DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2015.1072582 (Corresponding author)
  • 2015 Self, belonging, and conscious experience: A critique of subjectivity theories of consciousness.  In R. Gennaro, Ed. Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 103-140. DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0005   (Single author)
  • 2015 GABAA Receptor Deficits Predict Recovery in Patients With Disorders of
  • Consciousness: A Preliminary Multimodal [11C] Flumazenil PET and fMRI Study. Human Brain Mapping 36, 10, 3867-3877 DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22883
  • 2014 When actions feel alien: An explanatory model.  In Hung, T. W. Ed. Communicative Action.  Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 53-74. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-4585-84-2_4 (Single author)
  • 2012 Timing the rubber hand illusion: Owning the rubber hand involves substitution, not addition. Perception (Supplement), 41, 212.   
  • 2012 Toward an Explanatory Framework for Mental Ownership. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11(2): 251-286. (Single author)
  • 2011 Self-Consciousness and Immunity. The Journal of Philosophy 108, 2: 78-99. (First and corresponding author)
  • 2010 The Threshold of Wakefulness, the Experience of Control, and Theory Development.  Consciousness and Cognition 19: 1095-1096. (First Author)
  • 2010 What Subjective Experiences Determine the Perception of Falling Asleep During the Sleep Onset Period? Consciousness and Cognition 19: 1084-1092.  DOI:  10.1016/j.concog.2009.12.017 (Lead Author)
  • 2010 The Ethics of False Belief. EurAmerica Vol. 40, 3: 591-633. (Single author)
  • 2010 Issues at the Intersection of Ethics, Evolution, and Neuroscience.  EurAmerica Vol. 40, 3: 519-527. (Single author)
  • 2010 Mental Ownership and Higher-Order Thought Analysis (July) 70, 3: 496-501. (First and corresponding author)
  • 2009 Higher-Order Thought and Pathological Selves: The Case of Somatoparaphrenia Analysis (October) 69: 661-668. (Corresponding author and equal contribution)
  • 2008 Higher-Order Thought and the Problem of Radical Confabulation. The Southern Journal of Philosophy XLVI (1): 69-98. (First and corresponding author)



  • National Science and Technology Council Grant, 2022-2025. Title: “Multi-dimensional measures of consciousness in Disorders of Consciousness Patients.” Grant number: 111-2410-H-038-012- . First year amount: 48,120 (USD).
  • National Defense Education Act Fellowship (USA), 1976-1978.
  • Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship (USA), 1981-1982.
  • National Institute of Mental Health Fellowship (USA), 1982-1984. (1 F31 MH 08417-01)
  • Pacific-Cultural Foundation Fellowship, 1984-1985.
  • Washington University in St. Louis (St. Louis, MO, USA) Fellowship, 1991-1992 & 1995-1996.
  • PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2008-2011. Title:“Self and Conscious Experience.”Grant Number: 97-2410-H-004-154-MY3. Amount: 70,290 (USD).
  • PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2011-2014. Title:“Belongingness: the mental ownership theory and research program.”Grant Number: 100-2410-H-004-139-MY3. Amount: 83,419 (USD)
  • PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2014. Title:“Does neural activity during reward predict self-relatedness?”Grant Number: 102-2420-H-038-002-MY2. Amount: 79, 354 (USD)
  • PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2015. Title:“Self, Consciousness, and Neurophilosophy.”Grant Number: 102-2420-H-038-001-MY3. Amount: 67, 290 (USD)
  • PI—Taipei Medical University, Laboratory Start-Up Grant, 2013-2014.
  • PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2016. Title: “Cultivation of Young Scholars: Philosophy of Consciousness.” Grant Number 102-2420-H-038-004-MY3. Amount: 350,290 (USD)
  • PI—Taipei Medical University, Research Team Grant (Brain and Consciousness), 2013-2015, Amount: 58,064 (USD)
  • Co-PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014-2015. “The neurophysiological basis of consciousness transition during sleep onset period: an fMRI study.” MOST 103-2420-H-004-MY2. Amount: 72,096 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014-2015.“Predictions of therapeutic effects of Zolpidem in disorders of consciousness patients—a multimodal imaging study.” Grant Number: MOST 103-2811-H-038 -002. Amount: 29,742 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014-2017. Title:“An fMRI Study of Moral Judgment: The modulating effects of emotion and religious belief.” Grant Number: MOST 104-2420-H-038-001-MY3. Amount: 122,806 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2016-2017. Title:“Predicting Therapeutic Effects of Zolpidem in Disorders of Consciousness Patients.” Grant Number: MOST 105-2410-H-038-004-MY1. Amount: 33,612.903 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2016-2019. Title:“A Multi-Modal Investigation of Self-Consciousness in Major Depressive Disorder.” Grant Number: MOST 105-2632-H-038-001-MY3. Amount: 218,935 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2017-2020. Title:“Predicting Therapeutic Effects of Zolpidem in Disorders of Consciousness Patients.” Grant Number: 106-2410-H-038-003-MY3. Amount: 150,000 (USD).
  • PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2020-2021. Title: “Bilateral Parietal-Prefrontal and glutamatergic activity in schizophrenia patients: fMRI, rsMRI, and MRS investigation.” Grant Number: 109-2410-H-038-009. Amount: 33,460 (USD).


Dive into the research topics where Timothy Joseph Lane is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • 1 Similar Profiles


Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or