Action observation therapy for improving arm function, walking ability, and daily activity performance after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Tzu Hsuan Peng (Contributor)
  • Jun Ding Zhu (Contributor)
  • Chih Chi Chen (Contributor)
  • Ruei-Yi Tai (Contributor)
  • Chia Yi Lee (Contributor)
  • Yu Wei Hsieh (Creator)



Objective:This study was to investigate the effectiveness of action observation therapy on arm and hand motor function, walking ability, gait performance, and activities of daily living in stroke patients.Design:Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.Data sources:Searches were completed in January 2019 from electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and OTseeker.Review methods:Two independent reviewers performed data extraction and evaluated the study quality by the PEDro scale. The pooled effect sizes on different aspects of outcome measures were calculated. Subgroup analyses were performed to examine the impact of stroke phases on treatment efficacy.Results:Included were 17 articles with 600 patients. Compared with control treatments, the action observation therapy had a moderate effect size on arm and hand motor outcomes (Hedge’s g = 0.564; P Conclusion:This review suggests that action observation therapy is an effective approach for stroke patients to improve arm and hand motor function, walking ability, gait velocity, and daily activity performance.
Date made available2019

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